American medic treats young German soldier, circa 1945.



The recent release of “Dawn of the Planet of the Apes" reminded me of one of my favorite ape vs. man films – this 1932 video that shows a baby chimpanzee and a baby human undergoing the same basic psychological tests.

Its gets weirder – the human baby (Donald) and the chimpanzee baby (Gua) were both raised as humans by their biological/adopted father Winthrop Niles Kellogg.  Kellogg was a comparative psychologist fascinated by the interplay between nature and nurture, and he devised a fascinating (and questionably ethical) experiment to study it:

Suppose an anthropoid were taken into a typical human family at the day of birth and reared as a child. Suppose he were fed upon a bottle, clothed, washed, bathed, fondled, and given a characteristically human environment; that he were spoken to like the human infant from the moment of parturition; that he had an adopted human mother and an adopted human father.

First, Kellogg had to convince his pregnant wife he wasn’t crazy:

 …the enthusiasm of one of us met with so much resistance from the other that it appeared likely we could never come to an agreement upon whether or not we should even attempt such an undertaking.

She apparently gave in, because Donald and Gua were raised, for nine months, as brother and sister. Much like Caesar in the “Planet of the Apes” movies, Gua developed faster than her “brother,” and often outperformed him in tasks. But she soon hit a cognitive wall, and the experiment came to an end. (Probably for the best, as Donald had begun to speak chimpanzee.)

You can read more about Kellogg’s experiment, its legacy, and public reaction to it here.

This is the most adorable experiment that has ever been done.

(via leradr)


Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, first man in space, hero of the Soviet Union, wearer of goofy hats. Crimea, 1961.

Bruno Bourel
Man with the balloon, 1991.

by Frank Horvat
Balloons in the subway, New York, 1984

by Aart Klein
Cement-plaiters (barrage), 1956.
(thanks to luzfosca)

Photographer of the month: Drahomír Josef Růžička, Prague evening, 1921

Lumme, tyynten lahdenpoukamien ja lampien verraton koriste - runon vedenneito, vesihiiden morsian.
Reino Kalliola, Suomen kaunis luonto

Photo by Hiroshi Sugimoto (b. 1948). From book "Sugimoto Portraits".

Hans Windisch, Teasing girl, 1937
Thanks to luzfosca